Now both the elderly and young people like to raise some plants at home, but the urban living space is too crowded, and some plants occupy too much space, so they can only choose to raise some small potted plants, which are more directly stifled in the cradle for planting fruits and vegetables. At this time, aeroponic system shows its unique advantages. Aerial culture system is a vertical cultivation system, which covers a small area in horizontal space. This system is mainly extended in vertical space.
What is the aeroponic system?
The aeroponic system is a method of soilless cultivation of plants. On the contrary, roots are suspended in the air and irrigated with nutrient-dense mist. The aeroponic system realizes crop growth through nutrient rich fog. This concept is based on the hydroponic culture system. Hydroponics is a new soilless cultivation method of plants, also known as nutrient solution culture. Its core is to fix the plant roots in the planting basket and make the roots naturally hang into the plant nutrient solution. This nutrient solution can replace the water, nutrients, oxygen, temperature and other growth factors provided by the natural soil to the plant, so that the plant can grow normally and complete the whole life cycle. The aeroponic system means that the roots of crops grow in a sealed and opaque space. The nutrient solution is sprayed to the roots of crops after being atomized by the atomizer, and the water and nutrients are supplied to the crops through the aerosol to achieve the purpose of normal growth.
what is vertical farming system?
Vertical farming system is an innovative method of planting crops. They are stacked on a vertical multi-layer rack in a controlled environment building. There is space above each shelf to allow crops to grow vertically. This system greatly reduces the space needed to grow food, because they can be placed in warehouses, industrial buildings and even skyscrapers instead of using farmland or traditional greenhouses.Breeding in urban centers will greatly reduce the burden of natural resources such as soil, water and air, and a shorter supply chain can improve food safety and food quality.
Why is the aeroponic system vertical farming system?
The most important reason is its efficient use in vertical space.Aeroponic farming commonly usually uses nozzles to produce fog.Because the root can obtain water and nutrients faster, its water efficiency and nutrient efficiency are very high. Specially planted plants do not need to compete with other plants for water and nutrients. This means that the use of vertical farms can greatly reduce the water and fertilizer needed to grow food. At the same time, the closed and controlled environment of vertical farms helps to prevent the occurrence of diseases and pests, thus reducing the demand for pesticides.
In addition, the cutting density of cultivation with the aeroponic system can be more than four times that of conventional planting, and the weight of mature crops is 5% higher than the original. It can be seen that aerosol culture system has more advantages for large-scale farm planting.
According to the survey, the crop planting in vertical farms requires 95% less water than traditional agriculture. Limited water and soil resources, climate change and population growth will make vertical indoor agriculture a sustainable food production mode in the future.