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Boosting Eruca Sativa Mill Crop Yield with NFT Hydroponic System in Pipeline Soilless Cultivation

2023-04-27

Eruca Sativa Mill is a common plant in our daily lives, which is particularly favored by people. Eruca Sativa Mill is actually the leaves of sesame, which can be used to make many dishes, especially cold dishes. It is very unique and can also be made into canned sesame leaves, with many delicious methods. Eruca Sativa Mill not only has a good taste, but also has a particularly high nutritional value, making it a very nutritious food ingredient.

At present, the cultivation method of Eruca Sativa Mill is mainly based on traditional soil planting, which can harvest 2-3 crops per year. However, in the actual production process, Eruca Sativa Mill generally faces many problems such as unreasonable fertilization, excessive irrigation, numerous pests and diseases, and difficulty in controlling weeds. Adopting hydroponic cultivation can effectively avoid some soil planting problems and alleviate the shortage of arable land resources.

The NFT Hydroponic System

The hydroponic Eruca Sativa Mill generally adopts an NFT planting system, which allows the plant roots to grow normally in a fixed pipeline with continuous nutrient circulation. The NFT planting system is very easy to operate, as long as the power and water are plugged in, it can be used. Although the nutrient solution flowing through the pipeline is very shallow, the roots of the entire plant always maintain contact with water and nutrient solution, absorbing the necessary nutrients at any time. In addition, the suspended crop roots have a large contact area with the air, which can provide sufficient oxygen supply and greatly help the rapid growth of plants.

There are various design methods for NFT systems: flat structure, A-frame structure, spiral structure, etc., but their mechanism of action is the same. They all circulate nutrient solution through cultivation pipelines driven by water, allowing the roots of plants to fully contact the nutrient solution and absorb water and nutrients from it. Adopting NFT system for hydroponic cultivation of Eruca Sativa Mill and achieving annual production. It can produce about 10 crops per year, with a growth cycle of about 22-40 days per crop. The average annual yield is 29kg per square meter, which is about three times that of soil cultivation. In the NFT system, nutrient solution can be recycled. During irrigation, vegetables will absorb an appropriate amount of water, and the rest will return to the nutrient solution pool for the next cycle of irrigation, without causing water waste.

The NFT Hydroponic System

With the rapid development of soilless cultivation technology, intelligent control can be used to regulate the process of factory hydroponic cultivation, improve water and fertilizer utilization efficiency, avoid the occurrence of diseases and pests, and ensure the high-quality and high yield of Eruca Sativa Mill.The NFT hydroponic system has become the best choice for hydroponic vegetables, not only for hydroponic Eruca Sativa Mill , but also for many leafy vegetables such as melons and fruits, making it particularly suitable for individual growers to choose from.

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