Soilless cultivation is a new crop cultivation method developed in recent years. The crops in this way are not planted in the soil, but in the mineral solution (nutrient solution); Or use nutrient solution to cultivate crops in a certain culture medium. As long as there are certain cultivation equipment and management measures, crops can grow normally and obtain high yield. It is called soilless cultivation because it does not use natural soil but uses nutrient solution to irrigate crops.There are many types of soilless culture, of which aerosol culture system is one.
What is the aeroponics system?
The aeroponics system sprays the nutrient solution into an aerosol through the atomizer and directly sprays it onto the root of the crop, which is suspended in the space of the container. Spray the suspended root system through the cultivation board in the aerosol box. Generally, spray for a few seconds every 2-3 minutes to recycle nutrient solution and ensure sufficient oxygen for crop roots. The cultivation mechanism of this method is the same as that of hydroponics, so the root condition is the same as that of hydroponic vegetable. However, this method needs to consume a lot of electric energy, which is limited by economic conditions.
What are the applications of vertical aeroponics ?
Application in gardening
First of all, the aeroponics system is the most potential and promising technology in horticultural production and research. It is an incomparable planting method with traditional planting technology. It can not only greatly improve the quality and quantity of production, but also greatly reduce the input of manpower, fertilizer, water and pesticide.
Aerosol cultivation can adopt the same planting system for all horticultural plants, and even woody economic tree species, aquatic plants, vines, etc. can be unified by using aerosol cultivation technology, without considering the adaptability problems such as soil cultivation.
Application in industrialized agriculture
Aeroponics system is a very effective system in the agricultural field. Its purpose is to eliminate the cultivation substrate by planting crops without soil and spraying water and nutrients directly on the roots of plants.Growing in the air, separated from the easily polluted soil environment, can realize the purification of the production site and process, and is conducive to the organization of industrial and chemical factory cultivation, so it is the most suitable production mode for agricultural industrialization. Producers are more like a kind of production activity similar to life than production. In a country with suitable temperature and humidity, fresh air and green living plants, it is a pleasant and recreational agricultural production mode.
Application of small indoor planting
The growth cycle of vegetables and fruits under vertical aeroponics system is shortened, and their quality indexes are not only not decreased, but also the content of mineral elements is significantly increased.These advantages are very attractive to families pursuing healthy and green life.
Now some people pursue a green lifestyle, and the same goes for food. I grow vegetables, melons and fruits green, safe and pollution-free, and I have a sense of achievement. Moreover, the structure of the aeroponics system is vertical, which greatly saves the floor area. As long as a suitable space is provided, the aerosol culture system can be extended in the vertical space to carry out indoor planting.
Sustainable development is the mainstream of modern society, and the development of high-tech agricultural technology will bring great help to sustainable development. The vertical aeroponics system allows the cultivation of plants to leave the soil and liberate from plane expansion, develop into space and air, and realize sustainable cultivation.