Although Qatar has a developed economy, it is an absolute desert country. It is constantly controlled by the subtropical high pressure zone and trade winds, with high temperatures and little rain throughout the year. As a result, there is a serious shortage of water resources, resulting in poor development conditions for agriculture and animal husbandry, and relatively low output. In addition, Qatar has numerous deserts and lacks natural arable land, making it difficult to maintain self-sufficiency in food, vegetables, and meat, mainly relying on imports.
Qatar has two seasons throughout the year: summer and winter. The summer weather is hot and humid, with temperatures generally ranging from 25 to 46 degrees Celsius, with the highest reaching over 50 degrees Celsius; The winter weather is cool and dry, with temperatures generally ranging from 10 to 30 degrees Celsius, with a minimum of 7 degrees Celsius and an average annual rainfall of about 80 millimeters. It can be seen that Qatar is still severely short of water resources.
Many people wonder if Qatar, which has high temperatures, little rain, and a lack of arable land, can actually grow vegetables?
Container farms stand tall on the land of Qatar, and when you enter them, you will find various green vegetables growing inside. With modern agricultural planting techniques, Qatar has achieved the challenge of growing vegetables in the desert.
What is a container farm? Container farms are a high-tech agricultural planting model. This is a small plant production factory, and we can choose container farms with different systems based on different crop planting types and planting needs. For example, the NFT system container is equipped with planting racks, which are divided into three or four layers, each layer containing planting trays. The nutrient solution in the trays is connected to the control console through pipelines, which can maintain the set concentration for a long time.
A container farm is a sealed space where crops grown inside the container can be protected from pests and diseases, free from the use of pesticides, and produce greener vegetables. One of the most important factors for the successful application of container farms in Qatar is that they are completely free from climatic conditions, and the containers are equipped with various automated control systems. We can make the container farm run automatically by setting temperature, humidity, light intensity, etc. In addition, the container farm is equipped with fire protection systems, indoor air sterilization systems, indoor and outdoor air exchange systems, etc., which meet the conditions required for plant growth.
In recent years, Qatar has increased investment in agricultural development, encouraged the development of agriculture, introduced automated hydroponic plant factories in China, and relied on economic and technological strength to develop modern agriculture.