Speaking of hydroponics, we are not strangers. Most people would say that it's just putting a plant in water to let it grow. In fact, it is far from being the case. As a new agricultural technology, it is a very important planting method in the field of soilless cultivation.Soilless cultivation refers to the method of cultivating plants using other materials instead of soil, such as hydroponic culture, aerosol culture, substrate culture, and so on. Hydroponics is one of the most familiar types of plants, as it is easy to operate and some plants that are relatively easy to hydroponic can be cultured at home.So how does hydroponic cultivation work? Let's take a look together.
How to achieve normal crop growth through hydroponics?
Using hydroponics, you can skip over the soil directly and instead use a special nutrient solution to replace the soil to provide oxygen, water, nutrients, and other necessary materials for crop growth. The key point of hydroponic system is to fix the plant on the surface of the container, let the plant roots vertically immerse in the nutrient solution, and let the nutrient solution evenly contact the plant roots to provide nutrients for the plant.
What are the options for hydroponic systems?
Ebb and flow table is a good hydroponic crop system.It works by flooding the growth bed with nutrient solution from the reservoir below. The submersible pump in the reservoir is equipped with a timer. When the timer starts, the pump fills the growth bed with water and nutrients. When the timer stops, gravity will slowly drain the water from the planting bed and flush it back into the reservoir. The seedbed system is equipped with overflow pipes to ensure that flooding does not exceed a certain level and damage the stems and fruits of plants.Compared to traditional ebb and flow table, vertical flow table are suitable for small area planting.
It is one of the most typical hydroponic planting techniques, with two types: tiled and vertical. Among them, the tiled type is the most popular hydroponic system in the current hydroponic vegetable technology, but it is more suitable for large-scale cultivation. If it's indoor planting, my suggestion is to choose a vertical NFT system. It can effectively utilize vertical space and reduce equipment and labor costs. In addition, the output per unit area of the vertical NFT system can be increased by 30% - 50%.
This is a tower shaped hydroponic container.Compared to the previous two systems, the hydroponic tower system is the most suitable for household planting.It is also possible to use it for large-scale commercial planting.This system has a beautiful appearance and a very small footprint.In particular, the new type of hydroponic tower system with a light can receive even sunlight through plant growth lamps, and the yield can be greatly improved.
Hydroponics is currently a popular soilless cultivation technique, and many people want to try hydroponics on their own. My suggestion is to start with some of the simplest hydroponic plants.