Although we are a big agricultural country, we are not a strong agricultural country. Research shows that a Chinese farmer can support 4 people, an American farmer can support 155 people, and an Israeli farmer can support 100 people. Compared to these countries, our agriculture is still lagging behind, so there is still a lot of innovation that we need to do to catch up with other countries. In foreign countries, agriculture has developed into a commercial industry, and container agriculture is a typical representative.
Vertical farming container is a new type of agriculture with high efficiency and yield.Speaking of containers, everyone's first impression is that they are transportation and storage containers. Yes, containers were originally used as containers for transporting goods, but agricultural technologists have broken the drawbacks of traditional agriculture - crop cultivation no longer relies solely on cultivated land, but can be carried out in recycled containers.
What is the vertical container farming?
This is a closed soilless cultivation system that allows vegetables to grow in a container with controllable humidity, temperature, and other environments, without being affected by weather changes and seasonal changes. Sustainable production of vegetables can be achieved throughout the year.Why is container farming a vertical farming? This is because stacking in vertical space can be carried out inside the container, which can increase the planting amount by several times in unit area compared to traditional planting.
What types of vertical farming container are there?
Hydroponic tower container system
Hydroponic tower is a commonly used planting system for household planting. The tower system container can be used to grow some leafy vegetables, such as lettuce, and also to grow fruits, such as strawberries. Using the hydroponic tower system indoors in a home is highly ornamental and does not occupy space. Of course, using the hydroponic tower system for large-scale planting is also very suitable. Automated operations can save labor costs and maximize profits.Combining a hydroponic tower system with a container can give full play to the advantages of both.
The ZIP system container
The ZIP system container is suitable for planting some herbal and green leafy vegetables. In a container with a daily water consumption of 0.45 cubic meters, more than 5000 plants can be planted, making it a relatively high number of systems in the container system. In addition, the container is also equipped with LED plant growth lights, which can help plants receive uniform light and achieve higher yields.
NFT system container
NFT system is a very common hydroponic planting system. Compared to the zippered container, the NFT system container can grow fewer vegetables, about 3000-5000 plants .
In summary, vertical container agriculture has many advantages. However, we must also recognize that the current vertical farms still have many technical shortcomings. However, with the development of science and technology, vertical farming will also progress with the development of science and technology.